ERIC Number: ED207730
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-May
Bilingual Education and Affective Outcomes: The Past Ten Years and the Mexican American Experience.
Felice, Lawrence G.
A review of research literature on whether Spanish bilingual, bicultural programs enhance self-concept and whether any relationship exists between enhanced self-concept and improved academic achievement also describes research problems and potential solutions. Theories of importance of self-concept as a determinant of achievement, particularly with minority/bilingual students, are briefly covered. Research findings are presented on whether self-concept improvements lead to improved achievement (result: self-concept and achievement appear so interdependent that precise relationships are difficult to distinguish) and whether bilingual programs enhance self-concept of Mexican Americans, as well as whether Mexican American students need to have their self-concepts enhanced (results: effects of bilingual programs in improving self-concept have been mixed; Mexican Americans do not have poor self-concept). Problems contributing to the mixed results are listed: lack of agreement on appropriate measures of student affect; varying definitions and measures of self-concept; differing definitions of bilingual education and lack of equivalence between bilingual programs being compared; researchers' attempts to prove qualitative affective changes by using data from short-term quantitative studies; and schools' use of a meritocracy ideology to validate maintenance of social inequality. Potential solutions are given: rediscovery of the validity and importance of qualitative research, and redirection of evaluation by recognizing differing cognitive styles. (MH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Affective Behavior, Attitude Change, Attitude Measures, Biculturalism, Bilingual Education, Cognitive Development, Cultural Background, Definitions, Elementary Secondary Education, Literature Reviews, Mexican Americans, Multicultural Education, Research Problems, Self Concept, Self Esteem, Social Science Research, Spanish Speaking
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A