ERIC Number: ED207397
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Academic Disciplines and Debates: An Essay on Criminal Justice and Criminology as Professions in Higher Education.
Morn, Frank T.
Current developments concerning criminology and criminal justice education are viewed historically and placed within a broader perspective of academic professionalization, and a few of the debates going on within and between the two fields are considered. Some early sociologists made considerable claim to studies of crime, and criminology and sociology grew abreast in the formative days in the United States. Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, academic or sociological criminology concerned itself with topics and research that seemed less relevant to the applied criminologist. Academic criminology became more sociological while applied criminology became more administrative. Criminal justice university programs increasingly grew by the middle 1960s because of federal monies from the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration. The development of the fields of criminology and criminal justice in the 1970s have added some vagueness and confusion. Numerous criminal justice programs, for example, are practical and vocation oriented; on the other hand, many are very academic and multidisciplinary. Criminology, though certainly less vocational, has been sociological; yet other academics, such as psychologists, and political scientists and lawyers, have claimed to be criminologists. It is suggested that the fields of criminology and criminal justice need some self-evaluation and self-definition. A movement in the 1970s to make criminology a policy science and the link between criminal justice education and the community college movement are considered. The professionalization of social work is traced to enlighten some of the debates between criminology and criminal justice. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Education, Crime, Criminology, Educational Development, Educational History, Higher Education, Human Services, Intellectual Disciplines, Law Enforcement, Political Influences, Professional Education, Social Work, Sociology, Specialization
Joint Commission on Criminology and Criminal Justice Education and Standards, University of Illinois, Box 4348, Chicago, IL 60680.
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Joint Commission on Criminology and Criminal Justice Education and Standards, Chicago, IL.