ERIC Number: ED207393
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
A Heuristic Model of Criminology and Criminal Justice.
The differences between criminology and criminal justice are assessed by comparing them to a more abstract typology. This typology is comprised of four basic elements: the focal concerns of the fields; career patterns of professionals; the extent to which the fields are theoretically based and are disciplines, sciences, and professions; and the relationship of the two fields to legal studies. The primary focus of criminology is the study and explanation of crime as a social phenomenon while the focus of criminal justice studies is on the agencies designed to deal with crime. A major dividing line between criminology and criminal justice is the work orientations of each field: most criminologists are university-based teachers and researchers, while criminal justice is a field of practice. Various disciplines, sciences, and fields of study that comprise criminology and criminal justice are identified. It is suggested that the tone of criminology education is more discipline-oriented, although it is becoming less dominated by sociology, while criminal justice teaching is more oriented to a field of practice that is large and diverse. Criminal justice has some of the characteristics of professional education and is inherently multidisciplinary. However, certain common themes run through criminal justice teaching, research, and scholarship, including concerns for law, administration, politics, and a strong policy orientation based heavily on systems and program analysis but also incorporating legal reforms. It is suggested that many criminologists and criminal justice academicians are social scientists; however, as institutions neither criminology nor criminal justice is a science or a discipline. A bibliography is appended. (SW)
Descriptors: Classification, Comparative Analysis, Criminology, Higher Education, Human Services, Intellectual Disciplines, Law Enforcement, Legal Education, Professional Education, Specialization
Joint Commission on Criminology and Criminal Justice Education and Standards, University of Illinois, Box 4348, Chicago, IL 60680.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Joint Commission on Criminology and Criminal Justice Education and Standards, Chicago, IL.