ERIC Number: ED207329
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Scripts and the Composing Process.
Extralexical information, that is, those semantic properties evoked by words which are not usually accommodated in lexicons of any kind, is essential for the comprehension of numerous ordinary sentences in a natural language. A brief review of studies on forms of extralexical information shows that those works do not deal with: (1) questions of the relation to the lexicon of extralexical information, and (2) mechanisms which trigger, direct, and determine the use of this information in the process of the calculation of the meaning of a sentence. A theory of "script-based semantics" is proposed to deal with these two and related questions. This theory consists of a lexicon and a system of combinatorial rules. It is the structure of the lexicon which makes the theory distinct from other semantic theories. The theory purports to provide a theoretical basis for explicating composition concepts such as cohesiveness, unity, completeness, ambiguity, and obscurity. In addition, the clear theoretic understanding of the involved phenomena on the part of the instructor would make it possible to convey some script-related basic ideas to the student in the composition class. Several examples are provided to clarify the theory. (AMH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 16, 1981).