ERIC Number: ED207161
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May
The Dream Deferred: A Golden Age for Women School Administrators.
Hansot, Elisabeth; Tyack, David
Despite contrary predictions, men have retained their near-monopoly of top positions in educational administration and have even replaced women where they had gained a toehold, as in elementary principalships. The pattern in education follows that in many complex white-collar organizations; horizontal and vertical segregation of male and female jobs systematically limits opportunities for women, with the result that women form the bulk of the work force and men serve as bosses. This situation can be explained by the character of organizations and their shaping of the behavior of members and by male hegemony in society as a whole. In school administration, men are most likely to be found in positions with the greatest power, pay, and prestige and in jobs requiring supervision of other males. As teaching principalships declined in elementary schools, for example, and became full-time administrative positions, the percentage of women principals declined markedly. Current educational retrenchment bodes ill for prospective women administrators. Males will probably hold on to their present positions and new openings will be more restricted. Bringing about lasting change will require persistent effort at the individual, organizational, and broader social levels. (Author/WD)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Administrators, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education, Employment Opportunities, Females, Retrenchment, School Administration, Sex Discrimination, Sex Stereotypes, Social Change
Institute for Research on Educational Finance and Governance, CERAS Bldg., Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 ($1.00).
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Research on Educational Finance and Governance.