ERIC Number: ED207037
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar-30
Modelling Reading Times in Different Reading Tasks with a Simulation Model of Comprehension. Technical Report, May 1, 1978 through March 30, 1979.
Kieras, David E.
Reading times can be a valuable source of data on comprehension processes, especially in the case of recording reading times on individual sentences in a passage. To overcome the methodological problems encountered in other research efforts concerning reading times, a multiple regression method was used to compare an ordinary language processing simulation model to single sentence reading times by fitting a linear equation to the reading times. Approximately 90 undergraduate college students read simple passages one sentence at a time, with the order of sentences in the passage varied from subject to subject. Three different reading tasks were studied: an immediate free recall task, a topic identification task, and a free reading task. The results revealed that (1) the multiple regression method of fitting the simulation model to reading time worked; (2) the reading times on individual sentences could be broken down into the times required for each process in the simulation--parsing, representation building, memorizing for recall, topic identification, and topic pointer maintenance; (3) reading times appeared to be determined mostly by representation building and memorization; and (4) the reading tasks differed substantially and in meaningful ways as to how much and what kind of processing was required on individual sentences. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.; National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Arizona Univ., Tucson, Dept. of Psychology.