ERIC Number: ED207013
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jul
Comprehension of Text and Pictures. Final Report.
Flagg, Barbara N.; And Others
Two experiments were conducted to explore the role of pictures in comprehension and recall of written text and the effects of pictures on eye movement patterns during reading. Conducted in a laboratory setting, the first experiment examined the effects of three picture conditions (picture before text, picture with text, and no picture) on free and probed recall. Subjects were 48 third and fifth grade students. Although the results indicated no effects of pictures, grade level, or text type on recall of text, there were significant reading level differences in free recall and in certain eye movement patterns. The rated importance of a syntactic text unit was significantly related to free and probed recall as well as to eye movement patterns, and interacted significantly with reading level and text type. The second experiment was conducted in a classroom setting with 185 fourth grade students. To further examine picture-text interactions, the original three picture conditions were compared using expository texts that were easy to read and similar texts rated more difficult. Written free recall protocols were analyzed in terms of relative importance of different text units. Again there were no main effects of pictures, but significant interactions were found among reading level, importance level, and picture condition. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA.
Note: Appendix A may be marginally legible.