ERIC Number: ED206944
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Beginning Practicum Experiences: Anxiety and Its Consequences.
Yager, Geoffrey G.; Beck, Terry F.
Beginning counselors are rarely able to avoid anxiety during early counseling sessions. The fears involved in demonstrating counseling arise from: (1) irrational beliefs concerning "the perfect response;" (2) academic coursework which seems to equate psychological illness with poor counseling skills; (3) uncertainty about necessary skills; and (4) anxiety engendered by the change process. Research on the effects of practicum anxiety indicates that highly anxious students are less effective in counseling with clients and that anxious counselors often have reduced levels of recall. Defensive expressions of resistance used by beginning counselors to counteract their fears of criticism and evaluation have been investigated; each response to anxiety represents an attempt to avoid responsibility for counseling session process and outcome. A catalog of typical, anxiety-initiated, inappropriate responses of trainees with clients would help practicum supervisors to identify, understand, and empathize with students. Supervisors of beginning counseling students should recall their initial experiences as counselors, should not make assumptions without confirmation, and should trust and respect supervisors as developing professionals. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Personnel and Guidance Association (St. Louis, MO, April 12-15, 1981).