ERIC Number: ED206900
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Increasing Occupational Role Innovation: Intervention Implications of Two Survey Studies.
Lemkau, Jeanne Parr
Two studies were conducted to determine how nontraditional men and women of at least college education differed from same sex comparison groups more traditionally employed. Inferences were drawn from the studies about possible intervention strategies to encourage adolescents to enter nontraditional fields. It was found that for both nontraditional men and women, the deviant career choice appeared to be but one manifestation of their low adherence to conventional stereotypic sex roles. In contrast to their same sex comparison groups, the nontraditional men and women described themselves as less sex-typed both "on the job" and in social situations. The nontraditional persons also had less stereotyped marital and family roles. The nontraditional women were more career oriented while the nontraditional men were less so. Background factors that foster broader sex roles were more frequent in the two nontraditional groups. Nontraditional women were often classified as tough-minded, and they had had support from male parents and teachers. Intervention to encourage adolescent girls to choose nontraditional careers should focus on making them more tough-skinned and fostering support by male peers and role models. Nontraditional men were more often of lower socioeconomic status or members of minority groups. It was felt that stressing the prestige and upward mobility of professional work, even in that usually chosen by women, to underprivileged groups would encourage them to choose nontraditional fields more often. It would also be helpful to expose male students to sensitivity and the values of the affective domain. (KC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Career Choice, Career Counseling, Career Guidance, College Graduates, Cultural Background, Disadvantaged Youth, Family Influence, Females, Influences, Intervention, Males, Minority Groups, Nontraditional Occupations, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Socioeconomic Background, Socioeconomic Status
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psycholgical Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, 1981).