ERIC Number: ED206674
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May-31
Age Related Changes in Cognition During the Working Years. Final Report, April 1, 1979 through May 31, 1981.
Hunt, Earl; Hertzog, Christopher
In order to alleviate present and anticipated personnel shortages, the Armed Services will have to move away from the present reliance on young adults as a source of personnel. Questions remain about the effects of age changes in cognition on work performance of older personnel. Changes in cognitive capacities over the adult working years are reviewed. Two major decrements are noted: a general deterioration of sensory functioning and a slowing of higher cognitive processes. The general effects of experience, combined with an increase in verbal intelligence throughout the working years, argues for increased competence of older individuals in many work situations. Because general physical health is related to the maintenance of cognitive performance throughout adult life, medical and psychological research should be initiated to develop indices of an individual's functional age by individual differences in physical health and health-related behaviors. The goal would be the development of a reliable medical and psychological screening procedure to identify older personnel at risk for performance decline. The Reserve forces are suggested as an appropriate population. (Author/GK)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Washington Univ., Seattle. Dept. of Psychology.