ERIC Number: ED206663
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug
The Effects of Selected Instructional Variables on the Acquisition of Cognitive Learning Strategies.
Weinstein, Claire E.; And Others
As part of a research program to identify training methods which optimize skill acquisition and retention, three studies were conducted to assess the effects of type of training, amount of practice, and guided discussion in cognitive learning strategies training programs. Undergraduate students enrolled in educational psychology courses were trained in the use of imagery, elaboration, and grouping strategies, and then tested on free recall, reading comprehension and paired associate tasks. Training that emphasized the process of creating learning strategies as well as the product (the strategy itself) demonstrated equivalent or superior results when compared to a program that emphasized only the product. Training that included practice using the strategies was found to be more effective than training without such practice. However, when practice included guided discussion of the strategies generated, performance on posttest tasks was adversely affected, possibly due to trainees modeling the products presented in the discussion rather than the processes. Statistical data and instructional materials are included. (Author/AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.; Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Alexandria, VA.
Authoring Institution: Texas Univ., Austin. Dept. of Educational Psychology.