ERIC Number: ED206576
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
The Efficacy of a New Model to Explain Exercise Behavior.
Noland, Melody Powers; And Others
An attempt was made to determine what factors are important in a person's decision to engage in regular, vigorous activity. An Exercise Behavior Model was developed for the purpose of explaining exercise behavior. The model assumes that a person has four major predispositions or inclinations, which influence a readiness to exercise: (1) locus of control (perceiving one's actions to be internal or influenced by external forces); (2) attitude toward physical activities; (3) individual self concept, and (4) physical fitness, appearance, and health values. Adult women who were students in a university evening course were the subjects of the study. The following findings are reported: (1) The more favorable a person's attitude toward physical activity, the more she exercised; (2) If a person expressed the belief that change factors such as luck or fate controlled her exercise behavior, the lower her exercise score; (3) For younger women, the more negative attitudes toward physical activity and perceived barriers to exercise (lack of time, children, etc.), the lower her exercise score; and (4) For older women, attitudes toward physical activities and chance beliefs on the Exercise Locus of Control Measure were the best predictors of exercise behavior. (JD)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance (Boston, MA, April 15, 1981).