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ERIC Number: ED206569
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Self-Perceived Sex Role and Female Involvement in Sport.
Clark, E. K.; And Others
Since the mid 1970s, studies measuring self-perceived sex roles of athletes and nonathletes have, in general, supported the notion of androgyny, and have found that female athletes who have engaged competitively in sports have not necessarily lost their perceived femininity. Subjects for this survey were 657 females older than 15 years who were engaged in various competitive levels of diving, golf, swimming, and volleyball. A 4(sport) x 3(levels of competitiveness) x 4(age) factorial was employed. The dependent variables were the masculine, feminine, and androgynous sex role scores as measured by the revised Bem Inventory (1979). Multivariate analysis revealed a significant composite score for level of competitiveness. Univariate analysis revealed significant differences for masculine scores only. Although masculine scores varied significantly across sports and levels of competitiveness, they were consistently lower than the feminine scores recorded. Results from this study suggest that the females surveyed maintained a stronger feminine than masculine perception of themselves regardless of their level of competitive involvement in sport. (Authors/FG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A