ERIC Number: ED206551
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Making the Abolition of War a Realistic Goal.
As a means of counteracting current widespread acceptance of war and war preparations with a sense of resignation and hopelessness/powerlessness, this monograph proposes a nonviolent strategy by which citizens can discourage or thwart either internal usurpation or external invasion/occupation. Designated Civilian Based Defense (CBD), this system is based on prepared protest, noncooperation, and disruptive intervention. The hypothesis is that CBD (or, war without violence) is a nonmilitary way in which people can defend liberty, their way of life, humanitarian principles, and their institutions and society. The author believes that CBD meets two major peace objectives--it offers a rationale for action based on a well thought out alternative policy of deterrence and defense instead of utopian illusions and it suggests specific actions to take in international conflicts. Examples of CBD include the resistance struggles of the French and Danish against the German occupation forces during the second world war, Czechoslovak resistance to the Soviet invasion and occupation in 1968-1969, German government-sponsored noncooperation in the Ruhr to the French and Belgian occupation in 1923, and the movement by Polish workers for an independent trade union in 1980-1981. The aim of these nonviolent acts, as of all acts based on CBD, was to make the populace unrulable by the attackers and to deny the aggressors their aim of domination. The conclusion is that CBD is one creative response to the problem of war that might offer new hope for international peace if it were used as a base upon which additional creative responses could be built. At the very least, CBD would stimulate a reevaluation of the principles and institutions of the society deemed worthy of defense, encourage social improvements to make the society more just, and increase citizen participation in the operation of the society in peacetime as well as during defense struggles. (DB)
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Conflict Resolution, Cooperation, Disarmament, Foreign Policy, Global Approach, International Relations, Peace, War, World Affairs
Institute for World Order, 777 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 ($1.00, quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for World Order, New York, NY.