ERIC Number: ED206417
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Sex Differences in Persistence Behavior of Children Ages 11-13.
Campbell, Stephen N.; Henry, Rolando
The relationship of boys' and girls' level of aspiration (LOA), achievement motivation, manifest anxiety, and intelligence to persistence behavior was explored in this study. Forty boys and 40 girls (ages 11-13) from two Catholic schools participated in this study. To measure subjects' persistence and LOA, subjects were given 5 sets of puzzle pieces and were asked to construct geometric forms from them. Although all five puzzles appeared to be solvable, the second, third, and fourth could not be constructed from the puzzle pieces that were available. Persistence was measured as the amount of time the subject spent trying to construct a puzzle on each trial. Before the subjects started to construct a puzzle they were told they could obtain a score as high as 100 or as low as 0 depending on how much of the task they got done. They were then asked what score they would aim for. LOA was measured as the difference between the scores reported to the subject and the level of aspiration for the next trial. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), the Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (CMAS), and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) were used to measure subjects' achievement motivation, manifest anxiety, and intelligence, respectively. Significant correlations between persistence and LOA, and between persistence and achievement motivation were found for both sexes. A step-wise regression showed that the combination of LOA and achievement motivation was the best predictor of persistency for both sexes. The combination of LOA and achievement motivation was more crucial in determining persistence behavior for boys than for girls. Results are discussed from a social perspective. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (89th, Los Angeles, CA, August 24-28, 1981).