ERIC Number: ED206393
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Teaching Children to Relax.
Proeger, Charlene; Myrick, Robert D.
Florida Educational Research and Development Council, Inc. Research Bulletin, v14 n3 Win 1980
Many elementary school students perform below their ability levels due to excessive anxiety and stress. Research reveals negative correlations between general anxiety and test anxiety, and scores on intelligence tests. Studies have shown that changes in anxiety level are related to changes in intelligence quotient scores. Further, anxiety affects the more intelligent as well as the average student; anxiety level is as effective as the intelligence quotient in predicting reading grades; anxiety is an important part of the personality of underachieving children; and anxiety has a negative effect on a variety of learning tasks, especially complex learning. Anxiety also has been found to be related to dependence, hostility and aggression, low peer status, and poor relationships with teachers. Consequently, relaxation training for reducing students' anxiety has become a part of the school curriculum in several schools. Methods of reducing anxiety through relaxation include systematic desensitization, yoga, meditation, guided fantasy, biofeedback, and deep muscle relaxation (DMR). Teaching DMR to children involves establishing general goals and training objectives, arranging the setting, using the DMR training script correctly, acquiring the experience of relaxation in order to effectively lead DMR sessions, organizing and facilitating the DMR exercises, conducting group discussions, and evaluating outcomes. The document concludes with a series of 10 experimentally tested DMR exercises which progress from relaxing various parts of the body to relaxing the whole body while breathing deeply. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Anxiety, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Emotional Response, Guidelines, Intelligence Quotient, Personality Problems, Relaxation Training, Stress Variables, Student Needs
FERDC, P.O. Box 506, Sanibel, FL 33957 ($3.00; 10% discount on orders of 5 or more. Orders of less than $20 must be accompanied by check or money order).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Florida Educational Research and Development Council, Inc., Ft. Myers.