ERIC Number: ED206115
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Evolution of Federal Educational Policy.
Guthrie, James W.
Characterized by rapid growth and the increasing infusion of federal money into schools, the 1960s and 1970s can be labeled the "Federal Era" in U.S. educational policy making. This period produced three major initiatives to enhance the quality of educational opportunity: the Elementary Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Titles I and VII (Compensatory and Bilingual Education) and the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHCA). Both the ESEA and EHCA were conventional products of a broad social concern. However, policy initiation did not occur through traditional avenues or agents. The executive and legislative branches of government, rather than educational representatives, designed the bills and pressed for their enactment. In implementation, then, the exclusion of educators began to backfire as administrators and school board organizations decried the burden of onerous federal regulations. The conditions leading to the passage of ESEA and EHCA are unlikely to occur again. Moreover, developing demographic, economic, and political trends portend limited future federal interest in educational policy issues. There is little likelihood of federal resources being allocated to educational programs at the expense of federal initiatives in other areas. The major burden of support for public schools and their improvement will likely rest with state and local governments. (WD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education for All Handicapped Children Act; Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I; Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title VII