ERIC Number: ED205939
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
The Relationship of Comprehension and Oral Reading Speed in Normal, Slow, and Retarded Readers.
Haupt, Edward J.; Leonardis, Arline
Adolescent Portuguese-English bilingual students participated in a study that examined the relationship between reading rate and reading comprehension. The 31 subjects were placed in one of three groups: (1) normal readers, reading at grade level as indicated by IQ test scores; (2) slow readers, reading at least two years below expected grade level; and (3) retarded students who were reading at grade level. Each subject read narrative passages that had been written at the third and fourth grade reading levels. Half of the passages had been transliterated to a Portuguese orthography that produced the English sounds of the passage. The findings indicated that reading rate and comprehension are independent of each other. The three groups did not demonstrate a precise correlation of comprehension and rate, since the slow readers showed high comprehension while reading at a slow rate (this occurred regardless of the orthography of the passage). In addition, analyses of covariance showed that IQ predicted comprehension in a parallel way for individuals and groups, while rate did not do so. (FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (New York, NY, April 22-25, 1981).