ERIC Number: ED205920
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Jun
The Dependence on Graphemes and on Their Translation to Phonemes in Reading: A Developmental Perspective. Technical Report No. 208.
Shimron, Joseph; Navon, David
Children and adult readers were compared for the degree to which they were able to avoid grapheme-to-phoneme translation in word naming, for how much they benefited from redundant phonemic information, and for the degree to which they were disturbed by minor changes in graphemes that were still phonemically appropriate. Hebrew was the target language of the study, because a change of vowel signs in Hebrew may or may not involve a change in the phonemic value of the words. Also, Hebrew readers begin reading instruction with words in which vocalic information is transmitted by vowel signs written below and above the letters, later learning to read the same words without the vowel signs. The 80 fourth grade students in the study were asked to name Hebrew words by their letters only, with the words sometimes "vowelized" correctly, sometimes either "unvowelized" or "misvowelized" in a way that either preserved or did not preserve phonemic values. When these data were compared with related data on college students, it was found that both the children and the adults were unable to resist grapheme-to-phoneme translation, that both children and adults benefited from redundant information in their normal reading, and that children, but not adults, were sensitive to minor changes in graphemes that still preserved phonemic values. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Haifa Univ., Mount Carmel (Israel). School of Education.; National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Center for the Study of Reading.; Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc., Cambridge, MA.