ERIC Number: ED205865
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Work and Female Identity.
Reohr, Janet R.
In climbing an organizational ladder dominated by males, the professional woman encounters obstacles to the more traditional feminine behaviors and mannerisms to which she may be accustomed. These obstacles may erode her sense of identity, creating difficulties both inside and outside of her work environment. Traditional distinctions between masculine and feminine characteristics still strongly influence expected managerial behavior. Research indicates that appropriate managerial characteristics are those which have traditionally been considered masculine characteristics. Women managers are expected to be feminine and display traditional feminine characteristics, yet fit the managerial role which requires masculine behaviors. Women, whose early socialization does not enhance the development of a strong sense of directedness, are influenced by a number of factors to change their behaviors, thus altering their basic identity in order to be successful in the masculine business world. The woman manager often finds herself in a double bind situation, and even the successful managerial woman faces confusion in adapting appropriate behaviors. Consequences to her physical and psychological well-being are likely to be quite significant. (Author/NRB)
Descriptors: Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Qualifications, Career Ladders, Congruence (Psychology), Employed Women, Individual Characteristics, Nontraditional Occupations, Occupational Mobility, Promotion (Occupational), Role Conflict, Self Concept, Sex Differences, Socialization, State of the Art Reviews
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Women in Psychology (8th, Boston, MA, March 5-8, 1981).