ERIC Number: ED205859
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Age, Crime, and Sanctions: The Transition from Juvenile to Adult Court.
Greenwood, Peter W.; And Others
This document, the final report resulting from a two-year study of the use of juvenile records in adult court proceedings and the relationship between age and sanction severity, is of interest to researchers and policymakers concerned with sanction policies for youthful offenders. The introductory chapter provides an overview of the controversy surrounding the two-track system of justice. Later chapters review the evidence concerning the relationship between age and crime, by using arrest statistics and looking at individual career patterns. The relationship between sanctions and age is examined from several perspectives, including a reanalysis of the pattern of sanctions by age and an appraisal of new data gathered from cases in Los Angeles County, Franklin County, Ohio, and New York City. A sample of adult prison inmates is described, and the severity of their sanctions before and just after becoming adults is discussed. Findings from a survey of prosecutors concerning their access to and use of juvenile records in adult court proceedings are included. The final chapter explores the implications of the project findings for further research and policy development. (Author/NRB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Age Differences, Court Doctrine, Court Litigation, Crime, Criminal Law, Justice, Juvenile Courts, Legal Problems, Punishment, Sanctions, State Action
Rand Corporation, 1700 Main St., Santa Monica, CA 90406 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice (Dept. of Justice/LEAA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Note: For related document, see CG 015 347.