ERIC Number: ED205845
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Achievement Behavior, Achievement Motivation and Related Variables: A Study of Age and Sex Differences.
While early studies of achievement motivation focused on young men, more recent studies have focused on women's motivation to achieve. Five groups were compared on achievement motivation and achievement-related variables: Women (ages 30-50) who were either homemakers, applicants accepted at college but not attending, or returnees enrolled in degree programs, and male and female college students (ages 18-24). Subjects were evaluated on mastery, work orientation, competitiveness, personal unconcern, locus of control, need for affiliation, problem-score (perceptions of achievement-inhibiting external problems), and support-score (perceptions of achievement-facilitating supports). No differences among the groups were found on tests involving comparisons of individual variables. Negative relationships were found between need for affiliation and work orientation for college women, and between problem-score and work orientation for homemakers. A positive relationship was found between problem-score and locus of control for applicants. A discriminant analysis revealed three dimensions on which the groups differed: (1) returnees were highly differentiated on problem-score; (2) college women and college men were highly differentiated on work orientation and locus of control; and (3) homemakers and returnees were highly differentiated on support-score, need for affiliation, and competitiveness. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (27th, Atlanta, GA, March 25-28, 1981). Figure 1 is of marginal reproducibility. Best Copy Available.