ERIC Number: ED205839
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Structured Group Counseling and Bibliotherapy as In-School Strategies for Preventing Problems in Children from Changing Families.
Sheridan, John T.
The change in family structure precipitated by divorce, separation, death and other parental absences often creates psychological, social and economic problems for some individuals. Of specific interest to school counselors are findings about the effect of changed family structure on children's in-school behavior. The effectiveness of structured group counseling (SGC) treatment, bibliotherapy group (BG) treatment and placebo treatment were examined for junior high school students (N=48) from changing families on the variables of: (1) feelings about treatment; (2) knowledge of problems of the changing family; (3) behavioral referrals; (4) attendance; (5) grade point average; (6) self-concept; and (7) behavioral ratings from home. Students in the SGC treatment met for 12 sessions in which permissiveness, catharsis, trust, understanding, caring, acceptance, and confidence were emphasized. Students in the BG treatment were assigned specific readings and met in group sessions to discuss the readings. The placebo treatment excluded group methods and materials specifically identified as part of either SGC or BG, but included techniques traditionally employed in individual counseling. Findings indicated that only the variable, "feelings about treatment," was significantly different among groups; SGC and BG subjects were more satisfied than placebo treatment subjects about their treatments. (NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (65th, Los Angeles, CA, April 13-17, 1981).