ERIC Number: ED205832
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Antecedent Personality Characteristics of Alcoholics.
Loper, Rodney G.
Psychological studies on personality characteristics obtained from individuals prior to being diagnosed as alcoholics are reviewed. Retrospective studies suggesting an association between childhood anti-social behavior and the subsequent problem of alcoholism are presented, supported by studies of the personality inventories of college students who later developed substance abuse problems. Information from adoptive studies and a study supporting the concept of childhood minimal brain dysfunction in a subtype of genetically-related alcoholism is also included. Research examining sex differences in antecedent characteristics of alcoholics is presented, along with a study supporting the interpretation of pre-alcoholics as more rebellious, impulsive, and socially aggressive than their peers. The materials offer evidence that on the average, some personality features may be discernible in both male and female clinical alcoholics long before treatment. The methodological shortcomings of many studies quoted in this review are discussed, and recent improved research techniques are reported. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (88th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). Tables are marginally legible and will not reproduce well.