ERIC Number: ED205773
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Retaining Adult Students. Information Series No. 225.
Darkenwald, Gordon G.
This paper provides a synthesis of research and theory directly related to retention of adult students. In the first of five major sections, readers are provided with a brief discussion of the nature and significance of the dropout-retention problem. Section 2 reviews research findings relating to who drops out and why. Sociodemographic, psychological, external situational, program context, and teaching-learning factors are examined in this section. Theoretical perspectives on dropouts and retention are reviewed in the third section. Theoretical models reviewed include the congruence model, expectancy-valence model, reinforcement of attendance model, and cost-benefit model. Section 4 outlines a general theoretical model of the dropout-persistence process in adult education. The final section discusses general guidelines for promoting adult student retention. (CT)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Adult Dropouts, Adult Education, Adult Students, Dropout Characteristics, Dropout Prevention, Dropout Rate, Dropout Research, School Holding Power, Student Attrition, Withdrawal (Education)
National Center Publications, The National Center for Research in Vocational Education, The Ohio State University, 1960 Kenny Rd., Columbus, OH 43210 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.