ERIC Number: ED205617
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct
Implementing School Desegregation in a Federal System.
Peterson, Paul E.
Urban school administrators are being asked to desegregate their schools without adequate financial or legal support. For every example of a national commitment to the goal of school integration, counter instances can be identified. The greatest resistance to desegregation has been at State and local levels, but even the Federal government has refused, on occasion, to use its enforcement powers. The issue of busing reveals the ambiguity with which school integration has been pursued. State legislatures have disallowed the use of State funds for buses used to achieve school desegregation, and Congress prohibits the use of Federal funds for busing. Unfortunately, busing remains the least expensive and disruptive short term solution to segregated schools. The courts, too, have been less than consistent in framing desegregation policy. The most pressing issue that the courts have yet to resolve is desegregation across district lines within metropolitan areas. Metropolitan integration is unlikely to occur, however, apart from court action. Further research on desegregation effects, metropolitan solutions, financial support alternatives, the role of the courts, the political context of desegregation, and social consequences of desegregation can help to clarify and strengthen the goals and policies of school desegregation. (Author/GC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: CEMREL, Inc., St. Louis, MO.
Note: Paper prepared for Midwest Policy Seminar (St. Louis, MO, October 15-17, 1980). Seminar convened by Urban Education Program, CEMREL, Inc. For related documents. see UD 021 092-095.