ERIC Number: ED205489
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: 0
Teacher Behavior--Pupil Effect and Instructional Improvement.
Swanchak, John; Campbell, James R.
Teacher effectiveness research has used changing criteria over the years in assessing and evaluating teacher performance and its effect on student achievement. Early researchers accepted the idea that there should be a relationship between the personality or traits of the teacher and student outcomes. Lists of characteristics of superior teachers were used to measure teacher behaviors. A change of focus took place when researchers began to examine teaching processes by systematically observing classroom behavior. Subsequent teacher effectiveness research postulated that successful teachers believe that their major task is to teach and allot more time for instruction. Thus, the focus shifted to studies of the teacher behaviors that lead to efficient use of time on the part of students. Various studies have indicated that parental expectations and the student's prior achievement, measured intelligence, and socioeconomic status may have a greater impact upon a student's achievement than teachers and the school. The question is raised as to how true equality of opportunity may bring about greater academic achievement for all students. (JD)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A