ERIC Number: ED205434
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
The Educational System of Costa Rica. Education Around the World.
Gill, Clark C.
This booklet reviews Costa Rica's educational system, with emphasis on finance, philosophy, administration, and teacher education. The basic educational system consists of a preschool level of at least one year; a general basic education level of nine years (divided into three cycles of three years duration each--the first two cycles represent elementary education and the third cycle completes a student's general education); a more advanced level of two or three years duration, offering options such as health, fine arts, media, sciences and letters, business, industry, and agriculture; and the final level of higher education, which includes preparation of varying duration for professional careers. Funds to administer the educational system are provided by the General National Budget Law. In 1976, the education budget, excluding supplementary budgets for higher educational institutions, represented over 29% of the national budget. Costa Rica's educational philosophy reflects the nation's historic dedication to orderly constitutional government, democratic principles, and human rights. Tangible evidence of this philosophy can be found in Costa Rica's literacy rate of 90%--one of the highest in Latin America. The educational system is administered in accordance with policy determined at the national level by the Higher Council of Education and executed by the Minister of Education. Teacher education, a part of the higher education system, varies according to the curriculum and objectives of the three public universities. Currently, efforts are being made to coordinate educational planning at all levels so that Costa Rica's limited resources will be used to the best advantage. (DB)
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Developing Nations, Educational Finance, Educational Philosophy, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Literacy, Preschool Education, Tables (Data), Teacher Education
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 ($2.25, Stock Number 017-080-02085-8).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Costa Rica