ERIC Number: ED205416
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Selection of Content in Geographical Curriculum Development. A Contribution to the Shaping of a Culture-Critical Philosophy of Education.
van den Bosch, H. M. J.
Following an overview of various theories of learning and of philosophies of education, this paper explores how to develop a culture-critical geography curriculum at any grade level. A culture-critical philosophy of education attaches particular importance to the dialogue between teacher and pupil and aims toward broadening and deepening the students' world of experience. Ideally, the students make clear their experiences, questions, and preliminary knowledge; then, the teacher offers an instructional program based on the existing curriculum, on a culture-critical view of the discipline, and on a syllabus specially designed to encourage student input into the course. For the culture-critical approach to succeed, two conditions must be met: (1) the content must be adapted to the students' needs and demands, and (2) themes included in the curriculum must be treated in a culture-critical way. With regard to geography, the paper suggests that the culture-critical view is particularly appropriate because the constant flux in the earth's surface and continual changes in individual and social evaluation of natural conditions contribute to wide variations in student perceptions of geographic concepts. The paper presents a six-theme matrix to help geography teachers as they develop culture-critical geography. Themes and major sub-topics are: (1) material resources of the earth--climate and weather, soil formation, geological structure; (2) living nature--plant and animal life, zones of vegetation; (3) human life--origin of human life, population, life in groups, wars and conflicts; (4) housing and welfare--provision for daily needs, schools, public utilities; (5) production and labor--agriculture, energy, industry; and (6) traffic and transportation--roads, railways, air-routes, telecommunication. (DB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Association of American Geographers (Los Angeles, CA, April 19-22, 1981).