ERIC Number: ED205411
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Jul
The School Education of Girls. Conference Background Paper. World Conference of the United Nations Decade for Women: Equality, Development and Peace (Copenhagen, Denmark, July 14-30, 1980).
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.
This report, which draws its data from a questionnaire answered by 62 members of Unesco, identifies educational practices that differentiate males and females. It is presented in four parts. Part I discusses the access of education of girls in the elementary and secondary levels. The survey reveals that wide gaps exist between the enrollment of girls and boys from the ages of 6 to 11 years in seven of the regions: Eastern, Middle, Northern, and Western Africa, West and South Asia, and Melanesia. These figures suggest that inequality takes root at an early age and condemns a large proportion of the female population to illiteracy. Part II compares the school career of girls and boys. In all regions pupil flows have increased, yet the number of girls reaching the final grade is always lower except in Latin America. Part III considers "wastage" (not reaching the full potential) among girls in both low enrollment and high enrollment countries. Some low enrollment countries believe that education for girls is a family task and that boys need schooling for their future roles as head of the household. Other factors are lack of room in schools, rural schools too far from home, and inadequate educational guidance. In high enrollment countries sex stereotyping persists. Measures to reduce wastage are discussed in Part IV: free schooling, scholarships, legislation, and revision of curricula. (KC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Attitude Change, Change Strategies, Comparative Education, Educational Needs, Educational Practices, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Females, Postsecondary Education, Sex Bias, Sex Stereotypes, Socioeconomic Influences, Womens Education
UNIPUB, Box 433, Murray Hill Station, New York, NY 10016.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Bangkok (Thailand). Regional Office for Education in Asia and Oceania.
Note: For a related document, see SO 013 387.