ERIC Number: ED205399
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
What Have We Learned About Increasing the Meaningfulness of Science Prose? Technical Report Series in Learning and Cognition, Report No. 81-4.
Mayer, Richard E.
Five instructional techniques for increasing the meaningfulness of technical or scientific information are summarized: (1) organization of prose; (2) use of concrete analogy and advance organizers; (3) use of inserted questions in prose; (4) elaboration activities such as note taking; and (5) discovery learning. Research on each technique is reviewed from the viewpoint of the student, with attempts made to describe how these techniques influence information processing events during learning. Examples are presented representative of the research by the author in the field, and conclusions are drawn from his expertise concerning systematic and predictable ways that instructional techniques influence the learning process. (CS)
Descriptors: Advance Organizers, College Science, Discovery Learning, Educational Psychology, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Instructional Improvement, Learning, Learning Theories, Prose, Science Education, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science, Textbook Research
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Santa Barbara. Dept. of Psychology.