ERIC Number: ED205397
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980
Reference Count: N/A
Recall of Algebra Story Problems. Technical Report Series in Learning and Cognition, Report No. 80-5.
Mayer, Richard E.
In Experiments 1 and 2 subjects read a series of standard algebra story problems, and were asked to recall each problem. In Experiment 3, subjects were asked to construct problems based on certain situations (such as "train leaving stations"). Results indicated that "relational propositions" (such as "the rate in still water is 12 mph more than the rate of the current") were more difficult to remember than "assignment propositions" (such as "the cost of candy is $1.70 per pound"), problems with relational propositions were much harder to reproduce in coherent form than problems with assignment propositions, subjects were far more likely to convert a relation into an assignment than vice versa, and in making up problems subjects tended to use assignment propositions more than relational propositions at a ratio of 25 to 1. In addition, subjects showed a knowledge of problem schemas by recalling relevant information much better than irrelevant details, recalling high frequency problem forms better than low frequency forms, converting problems from low to high frequency forms, and by constructing problems that matched standard textbook forms. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Santa Barbara. Dept. of Psychology.