PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED205156
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-May-15
Reference Count: 0
Female Representation in Higher Education: Retrospect and Prospect.
Waldenberg, Adair L.
Female representation in higher education increased significantly at several levels over the past decade. In this paper the trends are analyzed, and the potential role of policy changes that alter female representation is explored. The measure used in the analysis is the proportion of a given group that is female or the ratio of the number of women in the group to the total number of group members. Female representation in degree acquisitions over the period 1968 to 1978 is examined. Following the introduction and summary are separate sections on bachelor's degree recipients, master's degree recipients, doctoral degree recipients, professional degrees, and female representation on academic faculties (1972 to 1979) by rank, tenure status, and institution type. The appendix contains mathematical derivations for shift/share analysis. Tables provide numerous statistical data on female representation in degree programs and on faculties. Several reasons are suggested for the increased female representation in higher education: young women expect to spend more time in the labor force and therefore invest more in schooling; there has been an increase in the enforcement of antidiscrimination and affirmative action laws; and rewards have increased for highly educated women. (LC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Institute for Demographic and Economic Studies, Inc., New Haven, CT.