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ERIC Number: ED205114
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: N/A
The Development and Results of a Survey Instrument to Predict Freshman Dropouts. AIR Forum 1981 Paper.
Paschke, Barbara P.
A survey designed to predict freshman attrition was developed and tested at the University of Kansas. The 75-item survey, the Entering Freshman Survey, was administered to a uniform random sample of one-half of the freshmen entering the university in the fall 1979 semester or entering in the summer 1979 term and reenrolling in the fall. Based on the idea that students who feel academically and socially comfortable will be better able to handle stress and to persist at the university, questions sought to measure the student's feelings of comfort or discomfort based on their perception of their background or experiences. Additional questions borrowed from Astin's (1975) survey concerned the student's academic and family background, educational aspirations, study habits during the past year, expectations about college, financial sources, and work status. In the fall 1979 semester, 829 students were evaluated, and after spring 1980 enrollment, the respondents were separated into two groups, the 770 who reenrolled and the 59 who dropped out. It was found that a greater precentage of students who dropped out or transferred from the university in the spring semester than those who persisted had considered dropping out within the first half of the fall semester. There was a tendency for dropouts to be less satisfied with their present living situation than persisters and to be more pessimistic about their chances for academic success. Persisters seemed to enjoy extracurricular activities more than dropouts, and were more confident about their ability to make friends. The results of descriminant analyses and a bibliography are presented. (SW)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Attitude Measures, College Freshmen, Dropout Attitudes, Dropout Research, Extracurricular Activities, Higher Education, Institutional Research, Peer Relationship, Predictive Measurement, Student Adjustment, Student Attitudes, Student Attrition, Student Characteristics, Student Experience
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A