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ERIC Number: ED205033
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1980-Sep
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Acquisition of Verb Tenses and Temporal Expressions in Spanish: Age 2.0-4.6. Bilingual Education Paper Series, Vol. 4, No. 2, September 1980.
Gonzales, Gustavo
This study analyzes and compares the Spanish utterances of children between 2.0 and 4.6 years of age. The focus is on two aspects of children's speech: the production of verb tenses and the use of temporal expressions, such as adverbs of time. Four Spanish-speaking children, two male and two female, were interviewed for a total of two hours apiece. Analysis of the data shows the following results: (1) irregular verb forms appear from the earliest levels in the present and preterite indicative; (2) the largest simultaneous occurrence of new tenses is found at age 2.6; (3) third person singular is the most popular form across tenses and age levels; (4) an early tendency to provide "-ar" morphology for all verbs decreased in frequency across time; (5) all forms had the proper stress; (6) "ya" and "horita" were the most common temporal adverbs; (7) imperfect tense begins to solidify at 3.0; (8) conditional, inflected future, and the perfect tenses appear rarely; (9) in general, frequency of occurrence of the different tenses increased across time; and (10) the "cuando" clause first emerged at 3.3 and continued to increase in number thereafter, making more complexity possible. The information gathered in this study can provide a basis for determining expected verb usage among Hispanic children. (Author/AMH)
National Dissemination and Assessment Center, 5151 State University Drive, King Hall C2094A, Los Angeles, CA 90032 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California State Univ., Los Angeles. National Dissemination and Assessment Center.