ERIC Number: ED204902
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Feb
A Critique of Externally Oriented Behavior Management Approaches as Applied to Exceptional Black Children.
Patton, James M.
The paper looks at philosophical, heuristic, and practical reasons why behavior management approaches have failed to positively impact on the lives of exceptional Black children. Critiqued are behavior modification techniques, contingency management strategies, suspensions, expulsions, and positive and negative reinforcement. Noted among the problems with such methods are the determination of what constitutes a discipline problem, the tendency of teachers to use approaches as control tactics rather than teaching students to become self directing individuals, and transferrance of negative reinforcers outside the academic setting thus inhibiting the life long maturation of exceptional Black children. It is stressed that the teacher's role must be viewed within the context of facilitating self direction and control on the part of the student and not within the traditional authoritarian context of acting as an agent of control. (SB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at The Council for Exceptional Children Conference on The Exceptional Black Child (New Orleans, LA, February, 1981, Session T-2).