ERIC Number: ED204712
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981
Reference Count: N/A
Detection of Ambiguity and Production of Paraphrase in Written Language. Final Report. Revised.
Flood, James; Menyuk, Paula
A study was conducted (1) to examine the development of comprehension and production in written language of two aspects of linguistic knowledge, knowledge of ambiguity and paraphrase; and (2) to examine the influences of reading ability as measured by currently used standardized reading tests and of sex on the development of this knowledge of ambiguity and paraphrase. Sixty-two fourth grade students were given eight sentences containing ambiguity and asked to provide two or more interpretations of each sentence. A second study was carried out with 24 good and poor readers from fourth, seventh, and tenth grades, and 16 good and poor adult readers. Results of the two studies showed that poorer readers made more than twice the number of errors than did better readers in each domain of the task--syntax, morphology, semantics, and transcription. The findings also revealed that in the sentence task, the order of difficulty of the varying metalinguistic tasks was the same across modes of processing, but that there were sharper differences between good and poor fourth grade readers and in good and poor adult readers in certain tasks. (HOD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Boston Univ., MA.