ERIC Number: ED204669
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar-30
Androgynous Vs. Traditional Sex Roles in the Light of Biographical Variables.
Berzins, Juris I.; Wetter, Robert E.
Recent theory and research concerning sex roles have viewed masculinity and femininity as separate and independent dimensions of desirable human functioning, denoting dominant-instrumental and nurturant-expressive domains of behavior, respectively. Androgynous self-definitions may also provide greater adaptive advantages for members of both sexes. Male (N=386) and female (N=723) undergraduates completed the Personality Research Form ANDRO Scale and were classified as either masculine, feminine, androgynous, or undifferentiated; subjects also completed a Biographical Information Survey. Data revealed that masculinity scores related positively to prior parental cognitive encouragement, involvement in physical pursuits, freedom from dysphoric moods, and, among women only, to pro-feminist attitudes. Femininity scores were related positively to perceived parental warmth, current sociability, and, among women only, negatively to pro-feminist attitudes. Results suggest that androgynous self-definitions are meaningfully embedded in biographical variables suggestive of social competence. (Author/NRB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (25th, New Orleans, LA, March 28- 31, 1979).