ERIC Number: ED204530
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
The Dynamics of Career Expectations of Youth: A Theoretical Formulation and Empirical Report Based on a Longitudinal Study.
Hotchkiss, Lawrence; Chiteji, Lisa
This report examines the process by which teenage youth develop expectations about their future educational achievements and occupational attainments. The focus of the study is on the dynamic feedback between the expectations of youth and parental expectations for the youth. The impact of academic performance, mental ability, and socioeconomic background of the youth on this feedback process also is an essential part of the analysis. A differential-equation model is written to represent the dynamics of the process and direct the empirical inquiry. The model is used to generate forecasts of senior-year expectations of youth and their parents, using sophomore- and junior-year data as inputs. The data were collected with a three-wave longitudinal panel design, using trained interviewers to deliver the questionnaires to the homes of students and wait until the youths and both parents had completed the questions. All analyses were carried out separately by race and sex. Findings included: career expectations of the youth were influenced by expectations held for them by their parents, but the parents were also influenced by their children; the influence of peers was much smaller than the influence of parents; and the development of career expectations remains stable over time. The study suggests some implications for career development. (KC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Career Choice, Career Development, Cognitive Ability, High Schools, Influences, Longitudinal Studies, Models, Occupational Aspiration, Parent Aspiration, Parent Influence, Peer Influence, Race, Sex, Socioeconomic Background, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Note: For related documents see ED 186 705 and ED 193 493.