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ERIC Number: ED204455
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Facilitating Interracial Contact: Let the Structure Do It For You.
Damico, Sandra Bowman; And Others
This paper presents the results of a study that was conducted to determine whether variation in the organizational structure of middle schools would have an impact upon the quality and quantity of interracial contact among students. The study examined the effect of organizational structure upon: (1) number of reported opposite race friends; (2) evaluations of close white and black friends; (3) school interracial climate; (4) the quality of school life; and (5) frequency of observed cross race interactions. Gordon Allport's "contact theory" was tested in both team organized and traditional schools. It was found that the number of opposite race friends is significantly associated with: (1) white students' evaluative ratings of their black friends; (2) students' perceptions of their school's interracial climate; and (3) the belief that the interpersonal relationships within a school are very positive. (Author/APM)
Descriptors: Black Students, Class Organization, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Friendship, Group Dynamics, Middle Schools, Racial Relations, School Desegregation, School Organization, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior, Student School Relationship, Student Subcultures, White Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April, 1981).