ERIC Number: ED204376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Dec
A Longitudinal Study of School and Family Effects on Student Development.
Epstein, Joyce L.
The family and the school are important socializing environments throughout adolescence. Using longitudinal data, this report examines the effects on students of varying degrees of participation in school and family life. Degrees of participation include the extent of participation in family decisions, the extent of restriction on activities by formal rules at home, the extent of participation in classroom decisions, and the extent of self-direction in classroom instruction. The total population of students in selected grade levels at the elementary, middle, and senior high school levels were surveyed in the spring of 1973 and again in the spring of 1974. The two surveys yielded a longitudinal sample of 5,454 students for whom complete survey data were available. Results of analyses suggested that sequential and steady change in the direction of increased participation by youngsters in decision-making at home and at school may be essential for continued progress in developing mature attitudes and behaviors. It was clear that change in student behavior can be more fully understood with concurrent consideration of change in the real environmental demands for growth. Neither the student nor the socializing environment was static. (Author/RL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.