ERIC Number: ED204306
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
An Ecological Approach to Needs Assessment For Inservice Training.
Physical educators must explore the interrelationships between persons and their total human environment to promote optimal learning. This form of needs assessment broadens the concept of teaching from a student- and school-based perspective to one encompassing the home and community. This ecological approach is more crucial in facilitating behavior change in handicapped children than in their nonhandicapped peers, since individualized education for handicapped students involves parental consultations. The ecological approach has been discussed in the literature of psychology and education, both as a factor in naturalistic research, and as a theory in human development. Current inservice programs are frequently created and presented without much thought to the general needs of the teachers and students. In contrast, the ecological approach calls for extensive interactions between a university trainer and prospective trainees, beginning with several days of observing and meeting with teachers, parents, and children in the school setting. The university-based inservice trainer acts as a facilitator by bringing together diverse groups which have not worked together, but do operate in the same ecosystem. (FG)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A