ERIC Number: ED204208
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Contractor Report: Museum Program Survey, 1979.
National Center for Education Statistics (DHEW), Washington, DC.
A sample of 1,373 museums was selected to represent the total sample of 4,408 nonprofit museums in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Museums in the sample were surveyed in 1979 by means of a survey questionnaire and informal interviews to provide data in five areas--finance, program, facilities, personnel, and museum priorities. For the purposes of the survey, a museum was defined as an institution organized on a permanent basis for essentially educational or aesthetic purposes that utilizes a staff, owns or uses tangible objects, and cares for these objects and exhibits them to the public on a regular basis. Highlights from survey findings include that approximately one-half of all nonprofit museums were primarily history museums, one-fifth were science museums, and an additional 14% were art museums. Findings also show that museums were fairly uniformly spread throughout the country; slightly over one-half of all museums had a membership program; almost half of museum operating income was earned and an estimated 14% of total operating income came from the Federal government; approximately two-thirds of all institutions had library facilities; slightly over one-half of all institutions had facilities for the physically handicapped; and approximately two-thirds of all museums had increasing educational roles, although the percentage of personnel devoted to educational responsibilities has remained substantially unchanged (approximately 9%) in recent years. As a priority, education ranked first, followed by exhibits, conservation, and research, respectively. The document concludes with a copy of the survey questionnaire and tables of data. (DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Note: Not available from EDRS in paper copy due to poor reproducibility of tables throughout original document. Some pages may not reproduce clearly from EDRS in microfiche due to broken print type of tables.