ERIC Number: ED204010
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-May
Reference Count: N/A
Secondary Preventive Interventions with Preschool Children: A Follow-up Study.
Rickel, Annette U.; Dyhdalo, Louise L.
The long term effects of a preschool intervention program for an experimental group of high-risk, black, low income children were assessed and compared to a high-risk placebo control group and low-risk "normal" controls. Seventy first grade children were involved in this 2-year follow-up study. Of these children, 42 were involved in the preschool intervention program as high-risk experimental or placebo control subjects and 28 were involved as controls. All of these children were relocated at each of three participating elementary schools in order to control for effects related to school membership. The treatment procedures utilized during the intervention program for the high risk children in the experimental group involved behaviorally specific prescriptions in three broad areas: learning problems; acting out; and shy, withdrawn behaviors. The high risk control children received equivalent placebo attention from teachers and aides, consisting of traditional nursery school activities. Approximately 4 to 5 weeks after the first grade school year had begun, teachers rated each child in the classroom on the AML scale: an 11-item, quick screening device for detecting school adaptation problems in young children. Follow-up testing was conducted by undergraduate psychology students who were trained in administering the Caldwell Preschool Inventory. Results suggested that the intervention had boosted the high-risk experimental treatment children to the point where their performance was comparable to that of children who had not experienced behavioral or learning difficulties. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A