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ERIC Number: ED203998
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Peer Presence and Sex Differences in Motor Activity Level.
Eaton, Warren O.; Keats, James G.
The hypothesis that boys are more stimulated than girls to high levels of motor activity by the presence of same-sex peers was examined by exposing preschoolers to a standardized setting under two conditions, alone and in triads. If true, the "contagion" effect would result in larger sex differences under the triad condition than under the alone condition. Sixty-nine preschoolers between 25 and 76 months of age were first oriented to a small, carpeted room with familiar toys. They were then randomly assigned to same-sex triads and, on different occasions with order of condition presentation counterbalanced, spent 10 minutes in the room in each condition. During the data collection phase of the study, multipurpose, sex-neutral toys were available in the room. Activity level was measured by actometers strapped to each child's dominant arm and opposite leg. Boys were found to be generally more active than girls, and there was a significant peer presence effect with more activity displayed in the Triad condition than in the Alone condition. The predicted sex by peer presence interaction, however, did not materialize. Boys were apparently not more responsive to the presence of peers than were girls. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A