ERIC Number: ED203838
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Women and Men Who Chair Departments of Psychology.
Makosky, Vivan Parker; Roach, James H. L.
Psychology department heads throughout the country (1151) were surveyed to learn more about the individuals filling those positions. The response rate was 56 percent, with a usable sample of 86 percent men and 14 percent women. The questionnaire contained 35 multiple-choise items, primarily about characteristics of the school, the job, and the respondent, and nine short-answer essay questions about attitudes toward the job. Salient chairperson characteristics include these: most received their highest degrees within the last 15 years and are under 45; women tended to be younger and more recently appointed; most of the respondents are at small schools, with women chairing generally smaller departments, less often offering doctorates; the differences in department size for those headed by women are not attributable to less training for women; respondents of both sexes like power and affiliation, dislike interference with self-actualization, find personnel issues and some interpersonal issues difficult, administration and paperwork time-consuming, and facilitating department functioning important; more men were brought in from outside the institution, and may have more actual power in their positions; women are more sensitive to sex bias in language, and have fewer close relationships with department members; women were less likely to be or have been married and have children; and most respondents were white, with Protestant or Catholic church affiliations, if any. Data are displayed in tables. (MSE)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Administrator Characteristics, Age, College Administration, College Faculty, Department Heads, Females, Higher Education, Marital Status, National Surveys, Power Structure, Racial Composition, School Size, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Teacher Administrator Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Saint Lawrence Univ., Canton, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (53rd, Detroit, MI, April 30-May 2, 1981).