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ERIC Number: ED203793
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
An Observational Learning Procedure for Improving University Instruction.
Perry, Raymond P.; And Others
Observational learning is an extremely efficient, rapid training technique for the acquisition of complex behavior patterns in social situation. A modified observational learning (MOL) procedure was developed combining both modeling and microteaching techniques, with the observer serving as the model. The more similar the observer is to the model, the easier it should be for the observer to incorporate the new set of responses. The MOL model's most important modification to microteaching is that it does not exhibit inappropriate teaching behaviors, since negative models are less effective than positive models. This experiment investigated the MOL procedure in which it was predicted that students would rate MOL-trained lecturers as more effective teachers and learn more from them. Graduate students lectured to undergraduate students, who then rated each lecturer's teaching effectiveness and wrote a multiple-choice examination. Following pretesting two graduate student trainees received instruction in effective MOL teaching, while two controls received no instruction. Trainees and controls again lectured, after which students rated them and wrote the exam. Pretesting results indicated no significant differences between trainees and controls on student ratings and achievement. Posttest results showed a treatment by lecturer interaction in which the lecturer being more effective at pretesting derived most benefit from MOL training. These results suggest that individual differences may be an important consideration when developing teacher-training procedures. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Occasional light print.