ERIC Number: ED203788
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Apr
Sex Differences in Expectations of Mentors.
A study was undertaken to investigate the expectations college professors have of either their doctoral or career mentors, especially the differences in expectations held by male and female professors. From the literature, a list of 27 common expectations was developed into a questionnaire. Full-time tenure-track faculty at a college and a university in the northeast were surveyed by mail, with mail and telephone follow-ups. Results suggest that overall faculty expect doctoral mentors to assist with dissertation research, include proteges on their research teams, assist them in finding their first jobs, and educate them about the "rules of the game" in their profession. The were not likely to expect a doctoral mentor to be a friend or assist them in finding subsequent jobs. Overall expectations of career mentors were that they provide moral support, assist in finding subsequent jobs, educate about the "rules of the game," and assist in research and publications. In general few sex differences were found. For both doctoral and career mentors, male professors were more likely to expect a friendship with the mentors. However, women without mentors had the lowest expectations. Women who had mentors scored as men did. Male professors expected more help from doctoral mentors in subsequent job-seeking. In general, sex differences appeared on the variables that had the lowest frequency. It is concluded that entering women college professors may benefit from more explicit statement of general expectations of mentors. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Los Angeles, CA, April 1981).