ERIC Number: ED203772
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Minority Recruitment and Retention Strategies in Schools of Nursing: A Comparison of Integrated and Predominantly Black Institutions.
Cipra, Kerry M.
A sample of predominantly-black and integrated schools were surveyed in 1977 to determine their recruitment and retention strategies of black students. Questionnaires were administered to 34 administraors and 3,579 students from 21 integrated and 13 predominantly-black schools of nursing (17 associate and 17 baccalaureate schools). It was found that predominantly black schools were more successful in enrolling black students, but integrated schools were more successful in retaining them. Black students were especially likely to attend programs with moderate admission requirements and schools where over 10 percent of the faculty was black. Financial aid and minority recruitment also affected black enrollments. Predominantly-black schools offered more financial assistance and were more active in black recruitment than were integrated schools, especially in utilizing strategies directed toward students who were not recent high school graduates. Black retention rates were highest in schools that offered generous financial aid, flexible course scheduling and credit transference, a combination of retention methods, and a formalized retention program. Except for financial aid, these practices were found more often in integrated than in black schools and they were more prevalent in black schools with the highest retention rates than in those with the lowest rates. More black students attending integrated programs felt that their teachers were responsive and sympathetic to their needs. Information is also presented on student nurses' personal backgrounds; percentage of black faculty at both types of schools; admission criteria; and student reasons for school selection and career choice. (SW)
Descriptors: Admission Criteria, Black Colleges, Black Students, Black Teachers, Career Choice, College Admission, College Choice, College Desegregation, Comparative Analysis, Enrollment Influences, Enrollment Trends, Higher Education, Nursing Education, Nursing Students, School Holding Power, Student Attrition, Student Financial Aid, Student Recruitment
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Maryland Univ., College Park. Computer Science Center.; Health Resources Administration (DHEW/PHS), Bethesda, MD. Div. of Nursing.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Office of Human Relations Programs.
Note: Not available in paper copy due to marginal legibility of original document.