ERIC Number: ED203633
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1981-Mar
Physical and Behavioral Characteristics and Maladaptive Behavior of Mentally Retarded People in Residential Facilities. Project Report No. 12.
Hill, Bradley J.; Bruininks, Robert H.
Descriptive information is presented about the physical characteristics and health problems, behavioral characteristics and maladaptive behavior 2271 retarded individuals in 236 public and community residential facilities. Behavioral characteristics were assessed using a model that incorporated specific levels of independence. Residents of community facilities were generally more independent than residents of public facilities, although sizable proportions of both groups were severely handicapped and required one-to-one assistance for most activities. The prevalence of health problems was similar among public facility residents and community facility residents. Community facility residents exhibited the same types of physical handicaps and maladaptive behaviors found among residents in public facilities, although the prevalence of physical handicaps and maladaptive behavior was higher in public facilities. Maladaptive behavior was analyzed according to prevalence, frequency, and severity. Implications for deinstitutionalization are presented. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, Deinstitutionalization (of Disabled), Institutionalized Persons, Mental Retardation, Physical Characteristics
Developmental Disabilities Project on Residential Services and Community Adjustment, University of Minnesota, 207 Pattee Hall, 150 Pillsbury Dr., S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455 ($2.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Administration on Developmental Disabilities (DHHS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Dept. of Psychoeducational Studies.